Metformin–Information, Dosage, Cost Without Insurance

January 14, 2021

Glucophage (metformin) is the first drug of choice for type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is caused by resistance to insulin. The pancreatic beta cells produce insulin, but the body’s cells are unable to use it to help take sugar in. Consequently, an excessive amount of stays in the blood rather than entering cells for producing energy or for storage, and blood sugar levels go up. Metformin works by making cells more sensitive to insulin again, by slowing down absorption of sugar in the small intestine, and by lowering the amount of sugar released by the liver. It is given along with a plan for a healthful diet low in refined sugars, meats, and with instruction to lose weight if necessary, and regular physical activity.

Dose of Metformin

The starting dose is usually around 500 mg twice a day. The dose may be increased as needed to as high as 2500 mg daily.

Common Side effects:

  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Cough
  • Hoarseness
  • Poor appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Fast, shallow breathing
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • General discomfort
  • Lower back pain
  • Side pain
  • Cramping muscle pain
  • Painful or difficult urination
  • Drowsiness

Note that abdominal discomfort and diarrhea are usually self-limiting after taking the medication for several weeks.

Cost of Metformin

According to, a bottle of 180 tablets of metformin at a strength of 500 mg starts at $10.00 with coupon.

Where to Get a Metformin Prescription

Metformin is a prescription drug that needs to be prescribed by a licensed prescriber or physician. Did you know? QuickMD can refill your diabetes medications remotely through telemedicine and prescribe Metformin online. No insurance is needed.

Articles on this website are meant for educational purposes only and are not intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Do not delay care because of the content on this site. If you think you are experiencing a medical emergency, please call your doctor immediately or call 911 (if within the United States).

This blog and its content are the intellectual property of QuickMD LLC and may not be copied or used without permission.