Glucophage (metformin) is the first drug of choice for type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is caused by resistance to insulin. The pancreatic beta cells produce insulin, but the body’s cells are unable to use it to help take sugar in. Consequently, an excessive amount of stays in the blood rather than entering cells for producing energy or for storage, and blood sugar levels go up. Metformin works by making cells more sensitive to insulin again, by slowing down absorption of sugar in the small intestine, and by lowering the amount of sugar released by the liver. It is given along with a plan for a healthful diet low in refined sugars, meats, and with instruction to lose weight if necessary, and regular physical activity.
Dose of Metformin
The starting dose is usually around 500 mg twice a day. The dose may be increased as needed to as high as 2500 mg daily.
Common Side effects:
- Abdominal discomfort
- Poor appetite
- Fast, shallow breathing
- General discomfort
- Lower back pain
- Side pain
- Cramping muscle pain
- Painful or difficult urination
Note that abdominal discomfort and diarrhea are usually self-limiting after taking the medication for several weeks.
Cost of Metformin
According to rxsaver.com, a bottle of 180 tablets of metformin at a strength of 500 mg starts at $10.00 with coupon.
Where to Get a Metformin Prescription
Metformin is a prescription drug that needs to be prescribed by a licensed prescriber or physician. Did you know? QuickMD can refill your diabetes medications remotely through telemedicine and prescribe Metformin online. No insurance is needed.