Vertigo is a false sensation of movement, often of objects spinning, along with dizziness or lightheadedness. Some patients experience nausea and vomiting. Fortunately, the condition is usually benign, brought on by changes in head position and a problem with the inner ear. The time to worry is when vertigo is accompanied by one or more of the following:
- An unusual headache
- Double vision or loss of vision
- Loss of hearing
- Difficulty speaking
- Weakness in limbs
- Loss of consciousness
- Numbness or tingling sensation
The above symptoms may suggest a so-called “central cause” of the vertigo, like infection, stroke or mass in the brain. When these have been ruled out, usually peripheral vertigo is the problem. One of the most common types of vertigo is benign paroxysmal peripheral vertigo (BPPV). Dome treatments are available:
- Antivert (meclizine) is the most commonly prescribed medication. It is an antihistamine taken in tablet form, 25 to 100 mg per day in divided doses.
- Dramamine (dimenhydrinate) can be taken in pill form or injected every 4 to 6 hours in a dose of 50 to 100 mg.
- Foster or half somersault maneuver–kneel with both hands flat on the floor. Place head onto the floor with chin tucked in, as if about to perform a somersault. Hold for 15 seconds, then turn face toward the direction of vertigo. Slowly raise your head to the level of shoulders, and hold for another 15 seconds. Raise head to upright position and hold for another 15 seconds. That night sleep on the opposite side, with your head propped up on pillows, and pillows behind you to help you stay on your side.
Did you know? QuickMD can help you diagnose the cause of vertigo and prescribe you meclizine online, or any of the other treatments that may be necessary to treat your vertigo.