What Is a Urinalysis Test?

May 8, 2023

A urinalysis (UA), as the name suggests, is a test of urine. It can indicate signs of a wide range of conditions, including urinary tract infection, kidney disease, diabetes, liver disease, sickle cell anemia, lupus, leukemia, and arthritis.

What are the tests of a urinalysis and their normal ranges?


Chemistry Test Normal Results
Color Straw
Turbidity Clear
pH (acidity) 5 to 9
Specific gravity 1.003 to 1.030
Protein Negative
Glucose (sugar) Negative
Ketones Negative
Bile Negative
Urobilinogen Trace to 1 mg/dL
Blood Negative
Leukocyte esterase Negative
Nitrite Negative


Sometimes a urinalysis includes microscopy, which is a microscopic examination of what is present in your urine. Microscopy is either ordered by the physician or automatically ordered as a “reflex” due to one or more abnormal chemistry results. Below are the individual tests of microscopy and their normal ranges:


Microscopy Normal Results
White blood cells 0 to 5
Red blood cells 0 to 4
Casts 0 to 1
Squamous cells 1 to 5
Transitional cells 0 to 2
Bacteria 0 to occasional


Where can I get a urinalysis test?

QuickMD lets you order your own urinalysis (UA) online. First, order a urinalysis test from our lab ordering page. Make an appointment at your nearest LabCorp and they will collect the sample needed and test it. When Labcorp reports your results, one of the QuickMD physicians will contact you with the results. If your results are abnormal, your physician will discuss the next steps with you.

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